Open access (OA) means making research publications freely available so anyone can benefit from reading and using research.
Open access can be more than making research available to read, but also allowing others to re-use that research. Research data and books are also increasingly made available openly.
Open access is part of a wider ‘open’ movement to encourage free exchange of knowledge and resources in order to widen access and encourage creativity.
SHB Online. (2019). What is Open Access? (subtitles) [Video]. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=676JM1M_gFg
Open Access can bring about various benefits:
Kingsley, D., & Brown, S. Benefits of open access [Image].
When referring to OA publishing, there are two mainstream approaches, commonly referred as Gold OA and Green OA. The distinction between gold and green is only about venues, and not about user rights, or “fee or free”.
The two approaches are:
Green Open Access
|The author self-archives into his or her personal web page, departmental web page, or institutional repository, some version of his or her article (preprint, postprint, or published version).
Gold Open Access
Some other approaches which may be of attention are:
Diamond/Platinum Open Access
|In this model, the authors, institutions, or funders do not pay an Open Access Fee and the readers do not pay to read. This is a ‘publisher-pays’ model and is usually offered by university presses where the costs of publication are subsumed within existing budgets and regarded as part of the mission of a university. This is an excellent model for Open Access.
Bronze Open Access
a gateway to discover information of refereed journal articles arising from research projects funded by Research Grants Council in Hong Kong