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Legal Research and Writing: Other Legal Citation Styles


Besides OSCOLA, there are other citation styles being used to cite legal sources in different jurisdiction. You may visit the Reference Collection, 2/F Law Library to locate physical copies of these style guides, with call number range R K114.

Below are some examples of frequently-used legal citation styles (in alphabetical order):


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Other Citation Styles

Hong Kong Law Journal

This house style guide was developed by the Hong Kong Law Journal for contributors and includes referencing formats for Hong Kong and UK legislation, cases, and secondary materials. More details on the citations styles and how to use it can be found at the Hong Kong Law Journal Style Guide webpage.


ALWD Guide to Legal Citation (R K114 A47)

ALWD is a legal citation system for United States’ legal publications, issued by the Association of Legal Writing Directors. Both physical and print copies of this citation format is available within HKU Libraries’ collection. 


American Psychological Association (APA)

The APA style is a highly recognized citation style, mostly used when citing sources under the Social Sciences field. This style is also used to cite legal materials occasionally. To know more about how it works, click here to visit the comprehensive guideline offered by the Purdue Online Writing Lab, Purdue University.


Australian Guide to Legal Citation (R K114 A93)

Developed by the Melbourne University Law Review Association, this Guide is adopted by many law reviews and journals in Australia. 


Bluebook Citation for Legal Materials (R K114 B65)

The Bluebook is used to citing legal information in the United States, compiled by editors of the Columbia Law Review, the Harvard Law Review, the University of Pennsylvania Law Review, and The Yale Law Journal. It consists of two major parts: the Bluepages and the Whitepages. The former part targets law practitioners and others when writing non-academic legal documents, like motions and opinions; while the later offers citation rules for academic publications, such as research papers and law review articles.


Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation (R K114 C21)

Also known as the McGill Guide, the Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation is commonly used in Canada as legal citation standard.


Guide to Foreign & International Legal Citations (R K114 G94)

Published by the Journal of International Law and Politics at New York University, This Guide focuses exclusively on international citation rules. 45 countries’ citation systems and rules for international organization, tribunals and treaties are included.