Google vs Google scholar vs Find@HKUL vs Databases
|Tip & Trick||Function||Example|
|AND||Connect different concepts
(Both terms to appear)
|health AND smoking|
(Either of the terms to appear)
|smoking OR tobacco OR cigarettes|
|NOT||Exclude a term||energy NOT nuclear|
|Wildcard ?||Search variant spelling||customi?ation > customisation, customization|
|Truncation *||cigar* > cigar, cigars, cigarette, cigarettes|
|( )||Group terms||cancer AND (smoking OR tobacco OR cigar*)|
|" "||Search for an exact phrase||“genetically modified”|
Note: Symbols may vary among different databases. Check each database's help page for more information if needed.
1. Identify the keywords of your research topic.
Topic: The relationship between fossil fuels and global warming
>> 1. fossil fuel
>> 2. global warming
2. Brainstorm or find out related concepts.
3. Build your search query with the above tips and tricks.
|(Fossil fuel OR Petroleum OR "Crude oil" OR Coal OR "Natural gas") AND ("Global warming" OR "Greenhouse effect" OR "Climate change")|
4. Conduct a search in the desired database.
5. Apply different filters in the databases when needed.
6. Evaluate the search results.
You can use the CRAPP Test to evaluate the information. Think about the following when you encounter a piece of information:
Currency: the timeliness of the information
Relevance: the importance of the information for your needs
Authority: the source of the information
Accuracy: the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content
Purpose: the reason the information exists
Want to learn even more on how to recognize when information is needed, and have the ability to locate, evaluate and use effectively the needed information?
Join the Information Literacy MOOC — InfoLit for U, a self-paced, non-credit bearing MOOC designed by the library of all 8 UGC-funded universities in Hong Kong, which is suitable for students in all years of undergraduate study.