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Last Updated: Jul 17, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

By Case Name & Citation Print Page

Name accompanied by the citation

The name of a case, e.g. Jones v Jones, is simply a way of identifying a relevant legal or factual situation.

The name should always be accompanied by the citation, this is the "address" of the case and cites in which volume of which set of law report the case appears. 

It even identifies the page number on which the report begins. The citation of each case will therefore be unique, and always follows roughly the same format.


Reported Case Citation

Example of a reported case citation

Balsamo v Medici and Another [1984] 2 All ER 304

Citation Element



Balsamo v Medici and Another  

Party names

Balsamo is the person or company suing and Medic, together with another un-named individual, is being sued. Plaintiff v Defendant - the "v" is pronounced "and" in civil cases and "against" in criminal cases.



[1984] is the year designation of the volume in which the report appears. This set has several volumes in each year.  Had the year appeared in round brackets (1984) this would tell you that the case was heard in 1984, though it may only appear in print several years later.


Volume number

2 means the second volume published in 1984.

All ER

Law report abbreviation

All ER means All England Law Reports, the name of the set in which the case appears.


Beginning page number



 So you can tell that the case starts on page 304 of vol. 2 of 1984 All England Law Reports



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